Timeline of Notable Events

PERB's first Board, Chair Robert D. Helsby and
Members Joseph R. Crowley and George H. Fowler

1967 On April 21, Governor Nelson Rockefeller signs the Public Employees' Fair Employment Act, better known as the Taylor Law.

1967 On September 1, the Taylor Law becomes effective, as does the New York City Collective Bargaining Law, and the Public Employment Relations Board (PERB) is created.

1968 On January 10, the Amityville Teachers Association becomes the first employee organization certified under the Taylor Law.

1968 PERB finds five units of state employees to be appropriate -- operational services; security services; institutional services; administrative services; and professional, scientific, and technical services. PERB's decision was later upheld by the Court of Appeals.

1969 The Governor's Office of Employee Relations is established to represent the Governor in negotiations
with unions representing state employees.

1969 The Taylor Law is amended, increasing the penalties for strikes and giving PERB the power to prevent improper practices and to enforce the obligation on employers and employee organizations to negotiate in good faith.

1971 The Taylor Law is amended to exclude managerial and confidential employees from the protection of the Act (but not the prohibition against strikes), upon designation by PERB.

1972 PERB decides Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority, finding that employer cannot unilaterally alter mandatory terms and conditions of employment contained in an expired agreement until a new agreement is negotiated, unless the employee organization engages in a strike ("the Triborough Doctrine").

1973 Negotiations over retirement benefits are prohibited.

1974 Compulsory interest arbitration is established as the final step for impasses involving local government
police officers and firefighters.

PERB employees, SUNY officials, and union
representatives open and tally ballots for an election
among graduate and teaching assistants in 1992

1974 Impasse procedures for educational institutions amended to eliminate legislative hearings.

1977 PERB's remedial power expanded to allow PERB to order an offending party to take such affirmative action as will effectuate the policies of the Act, including the reinstatement of employees with or without backpay. PERB may not assess exemplary damages.

1977 The agency shop fee is required for state negotiating units and made a mandatory subject of negotiations at the local level.

1982 Triborough Amendment is enacted, making it an improper practice for an employer to refuse to continue all the terms of an expired agreement until a new agreement is reached, provided the employee organization does not strike. The Amendment applies equally to mandatory and nonmandatory terms in the expired agreement. Enacted in response to the Court of Appeals decision in County of Rockland BOCES v New York State Public Employment Relations Board, 41 NY2d 753 (1977).

1989 Recognized or certified employee organizations are granted exclusive representational rights with respect to their bargaining units.

1990 Employee organizations' duty of fair representation to members is separately codified and, in certain circumstances, employers are made statutory parties to facilitate effective remedial orders.

PERB employees, SUNY officials, and union
representatives open and tally ballots for an election
among graduate and teaching assistants in 1992

1992 Agency fee deduction is required for all public employees represented by a union.

1995 Injunctive relief pending disposition of improper practice charges is made available.

1995 Compulsory interest arbitration for state police first provided, but only for compensation and compensation-related issues.

1996 Non-attorney representation before PERB is authorized.

1998 Use of state funds to discourage union organization prohibited.

2001 Compulsory arbitration for security services is provided, compensation-related issues only.

2003 Compulsory interest arbitration for agency law enforcement police officers and deputy sheriffs is provided, but not for disciplinary or investigatory procedures or assignments. This restriction is subsequently modified as it relates to deputy sheriffs in 2004 so that it only applies to deputy sheriffs directly engaged in law enforcement activities.

2007 Public employees' "Weingarten" rights codified, in response to Court of Appeals decision in New York City Transit Authority v. New York State Public Employment Relations Board, 8 NY3d 226 (2007).

2010 State Employment Relations Board abolished and jurisdiction over cases arising under the State Employment Relations Act is transferred to PERB.

2017 With the assistance of PERB mediators, the City of New York and the Patrolmen's Benevolent
Association of the City of New York reached agreement on a contract. This was only the second voluntary
settlement reached between the City and the PBA since 1994.

Click to view complete documents of Five Units for State Employees and The Triborough Amendment


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last modified: 9/15/2017
URL: http://www.perb.ny.gov/timeline.asp